Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic disease occurred due to high blood glucose levels. It is spreading among human beings all over the world in an epidemic level. People have to suffer from this disease due to several reasons such as genetic factors, excess body weight, and bad life style practices and bad food habits. Medications can cure diabetes up to some degrees. Prediabetes is a state in which blood glucose levels are higher than normal level. It is an intermediate stage between normal condition and diabetes condition. Providing a higher attention to prediabetes stage, you can avoid becoming a diabetes patient. What you have to do in terms of controlling the disease is, moving to a healthy life style. This includes good, quality eating practices and exercising. Moving on to quality eating habits, prediabetes diet plays a crucial role in terms of creating a healthy people.
What is disease known as Diabetes mellitus? And how prediabetes is interconnected with diabetes disease?
Glucose is the major source of energy for the cells in human bodies. Those glucose molecules are broken down within cells to produce energy rich molecules known as Adinosene triphosphate (commonly called as ATP). ATP supply power to numerous cellular processes. The process of maintaining blood glucose level at a steady or balanced state is called as glucose homeostasis. Blood glucose level of normal human being is around 82 to 120 mg/dL. There are internal mechanisms to regulate one’s blood glucose level. Internal mechanism of the body to regulate blood glucose level in a normal range is associated with a negative feedback mechanism between pancreatic islets, liver, fat tissues and skeletal muscles. Pancreas produces insulin, as it is an endocrine gland. Insulin helps to glucose uptake mechanism and converted to glycogen decreasing glycogen breakdown. Since; there is important feedback system to maintain a normal blood glucose level.
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease linked with elevated blood glucose levels. The reasons for this disease are due to relative insulin deficiency, insulin resistance or it can be due to both reasons. When pancreas cells are not able to produce sufficient amount of insulin, or the body does not respond to the insulin; the glucose collected in the blood instead of absorbing by the cells in the body. This process governs its way to prediabetes and then develops in to diabetes. Prediabetes is a state in which blood glucose levels are higher than normal blood glucose levels. But, in this stage, the blood glucose level is not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. But the body cells are starting to express the resistance to insulin hormone.
The dark side of prediabetes…
Over the time, prediabetes can be shifted to Diabetes mellitus which cause severe damages to your body such as blood vessel damages, heart diseases, kidney diseases, loss of mobility and blindness.
The Global prevalence of diabetes has increased to a pandemic level and it is the most common and serious metabolic disorder. It is considered as one of the most top causes for death in the modern world. Treatment for diabetes mellitus includes either the administration of insulin or blood glucose lowering agents. Both dietary control and physical exercise should be attached with the treatments. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, self care practices and education on diabetes important aspect of the diabetes disease management process.
Before getting the critical disease Diabetes, you can control yourself without being a victim of it. If you have a keen attention about your body and physical state, you can easily identify that. You can recognize that you are at the entrance point to the disease level and putting a foot backward where you can shift to a normal condition. It is because the margin between normal state and diabetes state is identified as prediabetes. Let’s find out this with a better understanding.
What is Prediabetes?
If a person is having high blood glucose levels than a normal healthy person, but not in the range of diabetes patient is called as “Prediabetes”. If one’s blood glucose level is between 100 and 125 mg/dL, it is said that he is having prediabetes. And, there is still ample of time to control high blood glucose levels and prevent from being a diabetic person. Each year there are about 5% to 10% of people having diagnosed as developing diabetes. Changes in dietary styles and life styles can reduce developing this risk by 40% to 75%. Usually, 5% to 10% of people having prediabetes can move to normal stage each year.
So, this prediabetes state is some sort of opportunity to initiate you and change yourself without progression to diabetes. There are some key steps that you must be taken for the sake of your health and betterment such as healthy and quality diet and frequent exercises.
Golden rules to practice for your betterment
There are some basic golden rules that you must practice in order to get away from high blood glucose levels.
You must skip sugary foods and drinks. They can be soft drinks, juices with added sugar, tea or coffee, soda, toffies, snacks or even any other attractive sweets. Sugar provides you only a high amount of calories. It does not provide you any other nutrients for your betterment. So, skipping sugars is the best method of lowering your blood glucose levels and obesity. Other thing is, you must cut off taking carbohydrates. Adding starchy food such as bread, pasta, noodles, white rice, buns and snacks have lot of carbohydrates; thus, they have high amount of calories. As overweight is a risk factor for diabetes type 2, you must away from getting obesity by having high carbohydrates. Even though you have to consume healthy foods, you must consider not eating excess amount of foods too. That is because; it also acts as a reason to gain weight.
It is good if you can fill up your tummy with high fiber food stuffs. Those high fiber foods can be fruits, vegetables, pulses and grains. This leads to make your stomach to a satiety level for a long lasting time, where you do not feel hungry for a long time. It is recommended to add half of your plate with high fiber diets as vegetables. As you are getting healthy foods, you must skip bad fats too. But, your diet should be composed with good and quality fats. You can provide good fats by coconut and olive oils, nuts and seeds and apparently you must avoid getting bad fats.
More tips for a healthy diet…
It is good if you can shift to low fat yoghurt, fat free or low fat milk or skim milk etc. And also, you must shift to lean red meats. Adding fish to your diet is also good to prevent from getting diabetes and other heart diseases.
And you have to avoid getting alcohol too. You have to drink a lot of water per a day. Because some people mistakenly understand thirst as hunger and eat a lot of foods, which leads its way to getting overweight. It is good staying always hydrated, which leads to lowering your blood glucose levels.
You have to do exercises at daily basis. And you have to walk at least 30 minutes per a day to improve your physical state. Diet and exercise go hand in hand. You can follow aerobics too. Anyway, all you want is to cut your excess weight and burn calories. If you are unable to do exercises, please move away from elevators and shift to using stairs and having a small walk around your garden even.
Now you have an idea what kind of steps to take forward to prevent from moving prediabetes stage to diabetes stage. Obeying all the instruction is a must for maintain a good health. But, if you can have a deep view for above mentioned golden rules, you can find that; many rules are associated with your diet pattern. So, your diet plays a crucial role in the way to make yourself in to a healthy human being.
Let us find out how your diet relates to prediabetes?
When you eat more calories than your recommended daily value, excesses are stored in your body as fats. This leads to weight gain. Mainly body fat starts to collect around belly and this directly links to Insulin resistance. There the insulin cannot easily move to your blood stream to decrease the blood glucose levels. This is the main reason for why most of prediabetic patients are in over weight stage.
Eating high amount of carbohydrates and its other types such as sugars; is directly relates to prediabetes. And, fat has the same story. So, diet for prediabetes should be away from excess carbohydrates and fats.
You can limit carbohydrate intake by practicing to calculate Glycemic index (GI), before you decide to take a high carbohydrate diet. This will help you in reversing prediabetes. Glycemic index is a tool with relative ranking of carbohydrates in foods according to how they affect blood glucose levels. Food items with low GI value such as brown rice, whole wheat flour; have less effect on rising blood glucose levels. Most, probably foods with high GI value are refined, processed or instant foods have the ability to increase the blood glucose levels. So, when you are using prediabetes diet plan, you have to avoid high GI value foods. And you can shift to high fibre, low carbohydrate diets such as oats meal, brown rice, whole wheat, green and leafy vegetables, fruits, beans and pulses etc.
The importance of the ketogenic diet for avoiding prediabetes
There is another low carbohydrate diet called as Ketogenic diet. It focuses directly on the extreme ends of carbohydrate intake. In this method, you are limiting carbohydrate intake, thus your body does not gain enough glucose to regulate normal activities. Then the body moves to a metabolic state, known as ketosis, where body producing ketones to fuel the activities.
When your body is in ketosis, you can ensure that there is no excess glucose in your body. In this diet, you provide 20 g to 50 g of carbohydrates daily. It is around 5% to 10% of daily calorie intake, where the remaining requirement is fulfilled by body fat and proteins.
Portion control is a must!
It is essential to follow portion control of your diet; this simply makes low GI value in your blood stream. Controlling portion size means you have to limit the food stuff you like to eat. Some labels and packing materials of foods contain the nutritional value and daily recommendation level for consumption. If you exceed the recommendation value, the excess calories you consume will deposit as fat on your body. The most suitable method for managing your portion size is, eating mindfully in a slow speed and eats only when you are at actual hungry.
The importance of DPP diet for prediabetes
There is a special diabetes diet called as DPP diet, because it is associated with Diabetes Prevention Programme (DPP). DPP diet mainly focuses on nutritional value of food, physical activity of patients, managing their stress and ways of fitting patient’s choices to family etc. According to this diet plan they have illustrated best diet for prediabetes, which aligned choosing fruits instead of high calorie desserts, steaming, grilling or baking without frying foods, using olive oil instead of butter, consuming plant proteins or fish instead of red meats and also slowly eating with enjoying your meal in pleasant surroundings. Results have revealed that, this is a good diet for prediabetes and high cholesterol too.
Crucial facts about prediabetes diet plan recipes…
Usually, prediabetes diet plan recipes have assigned to have about 1200 to 1400 calories per day. Those are composed with low carbohydrate and balance diets. It is better to go for a doctor or nutritionist before starting a plan. And you have to drink plenty of water and you can adjust the plan according to your needs. If you want some extra calories, you can have them with adding healthy snacks.
As an example; you can add 6 ounces of low fat plain yoghurt, whole wheat pancakes with one cup of strawberries for your breakfast. For your lunch, you can have tomato chicken and low fat cheese sandwich made by whole grain bread with boiled egg and a cup of mixed fruit salad. For the dinner, you can eat half cup of brown rice with one cup of beans or any other greenish vegetable and 2 cups of lights dressing salad. For desserts you can have an apple, a cheese slice and 2 whole wheat crackers. And you have to drink plenty of water all over the day.
What are the best foods to eat if you are prediabetic?
Let us have a look at what are the best foods to eat if you are prediabetic? All you are allowed to eat healthy carbohydrate foods and fibre rich foods. You can get both by consuming fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, low fat dairy products and whole grains. It is good to eat heart healthy fish twice a week such as tuna, salmon, sardines etc. As a plus pint they contain omega-3 fatty acids, which prevent you from heart related diseases. Your diet should be composed with good fats. You can gain them from such as nuts, avocado, olive oil, peanut oils and canola oil etc.
How to reverse prediabetes naturally?
We assume that you would really delight to hear that, Prediabetes can be reversible. Sometimes, you do not require meditations at all. When taking about how to reverse prediabetes naturally, all you need is right weight, right diet and right life style. If you gained extra kilos than to exceed your Body Mass Index (BMI), it is a risk factor for prediabetes. BMI can be calculated by weight (in kilograms) divided by square root of height (in meters). To become a healthy person, your BMI should be laid in between 18 to 25.
As we discussed earlier, right diet can be gain by several prediabetes diet plans. However, you should gather your diet by limiting refined carbohydrates, bad fat and sweets. This will automatically, slow down the process of progression of diabetes. Right life style connected to reverse prediabetes means doing sufficient exercises to cut off extra pounds in your body and shifting to healthier practices.
You can control yourself by considering prediabetes stage a s gift given by god to avoid you becoming a diabetes patient. All you have to follow is, change your current status to a much healthier way. Your wrong diet and life style determine your weight and health condition, which ultimately opens the doors to diabetes. So, you can close entrance door to diabetes permanently by shifting to a good and quality practices. Changing your diet pattern is essential to become a healthier person. Practicing prediabetes diet along with exercise will become you much healthier person. So, please do not wait till your doctor rings the alarm of prediabetes, because prevention is always better than cure.